I know that I should only talk about House and House obviously about Trano Gasy all the time but people should also understand the link between the Land, the status of women and the status of property in Madagascar. in 5 minutes (or later) I will post on Diego and Tamatave where we had developed a class around métissages which would therefore allow foreigners to exploit the land. all this I suspect to arrive at the mysoginistic laws prohibiting the transmission of nationality to children of foreign fathers by the Malagasy mother.
Princess Marie-Louise of Madagascar was born in exile on 1 May 1897 at the Hotel de l’Europe in Saint-Denis, Réunion. Her mother, Princess Razafinandriamanitra, was a daughter of Princess Rasendranoro and a niece of Ranavalona III. She was an illegitimate child, as her mother had conceived her with an unknown French soldier. She was later adopted by Queen Ranavalona after her mother died giving birth and was, according to the traditional rules of succession, the heir apparent to the abolished throne of Madagascar. she worked as a nurse and was made a Dame of the National Order of the Legion of Honour by the French government for her medical service.
Her mother, the beautiful Razafinandriamanitra https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Razafinandriamanitra was same age as Jenny Weller daugther of John L. Waller. Jenny Weller married her uncle Henri Razafkeriefo who died during the French Invasion war. He was father of jazzman Andy Razaf. I read both families were very very close so I feel like it was a real tragedy when French went on occupying Madagascar in 1895. Even though John L. Waller was arrested in Tamatave I have yet to check where the 15,000 acres promised to built the black American settlement would be located. Maybe dig further inside Princess Rasendranoro’s family history….
I wanted to link her heroic story of sadness and exile with this other one Princess who died fighting for her people’s land.
Kaʻiulani (Hawaiian pronunciation: [kə’ʔi.u.’lɐni]; Victoria Kawēkiu Kaʻiulani Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapa Cleghorn; October 16, 1875 – March 6, 1899) was the only child of Princess Miriam Likelike, and the last heir apparent to the throne of the Hawaiian Kingdom. She was the niece of King Kalākaua and Queen Liliʻuokalani. Kaʻiulani was the only child of Princess Miriam Likelike and Scottish businessman Archibald Scott Cleghorn. Princess Kaʻiulani was sent to Europe at age 13 to complete her education. She and Liliʻuokalani boycotted the 1898 annexation ceremony and mourned the loss of Hawaiian independence. However, she later hosted the American congressional delegation in charge of formalizing the Hawaiian Organic Act.
and back to Madagascar 50 years earlier we also find yet another sad Princess story
Tsiomeko (1828–1843) was the last queen and monarch of the Boina Kingdom in 1836-1839.
Tsiomeko was the daughter of Taratra and a grand-niece of King Andriantsoly, who was driven out of Boina by the Merina armies and whom her father had served as a “souer”. She became queen in 1836, at age eight, succeeding Queen Oantitsy, the sister of King Andriantsoly. In 1839 she was driven out of her residence by Hova and fled to Nosy Komba. There, she asked for French protection and Admiral de Hell signed a deal with the queen to make Boina a French protectorate.
Tsiomeko ceased to be Queen when her Kingdom was annexed to the Merina Kingdom in 1840. She died of child birth in 1843.
in the future I will post more about intricated stories around stolen lands (indigenous lands) and the many many many ways it was done.